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A specified set of activities designed to put into use a practice or program of known dimensions.  

Implementation Plan

A system for identifying, collecting, and analyzing data that are useful to the teacher, school, district, region, and/or state for decision making to improve implementation of the evidence-based practice or program. Specifically, process, performance (fidelity), and outcome data are measured and used to inform decision-making.

Implementation Science

The scientific study of methods or processes that increase the likelihood that research findings and evidence-based practices are implemented as a routine practice. (Eccles & Mittman, 2006). 

Implementation Stages

Implementation Stages outline the sequence of activities needed for sustained use of an evidence-based practice or program. There are four stages: Exploration, Installation, Initial Implementation, and Full Implementation. 

Implementation Team

A representative, organized, and active group that supports the implementation, sustainability, and scale-up of evidence-based practices or programs by integrating the use of implementation stages, drivers, and improvement cycles at the state, region, district, or school level.

Improvement Cycles

A planned sequence of systematic and documented activities aimed at improving a process, program, and/or tools (e.g., PDSA Cycle – Plan, Do, Study, Act).

Improvement Plan

A detailed plan outlining actions needed to reach one or more goals for performance improvement. (e.g., School Improvement Plan, District Improvement Plan). See also “implementation plan”. 


The core mechanisms of an organization that is necessary to successfully support or use an evidence-based practice or program such as those necessary to build staff knowledge and skills (e.g., training, coaching) as well as organization processes (e.g., use of data for decision making, leadership practices).

Initial Implementation Stage

The initial efforts of staff to use the evidence-based program or practice, with attention to using data for continuous improvement.

Installation Stage

 A set of activities where states, districts, and schools build the infrastructure necessary to implement the evidence-based practice or program and build practitioner and organizational capacity. 

Interview Protocol

A document outlining the various activities used within a selection process of hiring a staff member.