Articles, Books and Reports

Dean Fixsen, Sandra Naoom, Karen Blase, Robert Friedman, Frances Wallace
Allison Metz, Leah Bartley, Heather Ball, Dawn Wilson, Sandra Naoom, Phil Redmond
Traditional approaches to disseminating research-based programs and innovations for children and families, which rely on practitioners and policy makers to make sense of research on their own, have been found insufficient. There is growing interest in strategies that “make it happen” by actively building the capacity of service providers to implement innovations with high fidelity and good effect. This article provides an overview of the Active Implementation Frameworks (AIFs), a science-based implementation framework, and describes a case study in child welfare, where the AIF was used to facilitate the implementation of research-based and research-informed practices to improve the well-being of children exiting out of home placement to permanency. In this article, we provide descriptive data that suggest AIF is a promising framework for promoting high-fidelity implementation of both research-based models and innovations through the development of active implementation teams.
Allison Metz, Sandra Naoom, Tamara Halle, Leah Bartley
This research brief is the first in a series which seeks to provide early childhood researchers, program developers, and funders with an introduction to implementation frameworks and promising practices in implementation science with the aim of facilitating their use in early care and education. This brief introduces key elements of effective implementation within an integrated, stage-based framework. This framework posits that 1) implementation happens in four discernible stages; and 2) three common “threads” or core elements exist across each of these stages. The brief defines these three common elements, demonstrates their basis in previous syntheses of the implementation science literature, and describes the way these elements function at each stage of implementation. This brief includes illustrative examples of how this integrative, stage-based framework can be used by early childhood program developers, researchers, and policymakers. An appendix shares a planning tool that captures key activities and questions that arise at each stage for each of the three core implementation elements.
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