Cases and Examples
Northern European states, regarded as world leaders in social welfare, have for a long time viewed implementation as enactment of legislation that is communicated top-down to the public and stakeholders. This study reports on interviews with 30 public sector executives in Northern Europe about how to achieve successful implementation. They confirm the necessity of the “Making it Happen” strategy that corresponds with implementation science.
The U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) is a model for other government agencies seeking to support the development of implementation capacity in human service systems. In 2006 OSEP was the first federal agency to recognize the potential benefits of implementation science for improving student outcomes. Since 2006, OSEP has included implementation science in various approaches intended to improve services to and outcomes for students with disabilities. Through a RFP process, OSEP invested in the State Implementation and Scaling up of Evidence-based Programs Center (SISEP) that began in October 2007.